TOL is proud to present the Freedom House Nations in Transit country
reports, the only comprehensive, comparative, and multidimensional
study of reform in the former communist states of Europe and Eurasia.
For the PDF of the 2009 Kazakhstan report, please click here.
Governments in the region routinely censor online speech for short-term political goals. Could Uzbekistan reverse the trend?
Interim President Tokayev will win next month’s election, but there is talk of an eventual handover of power to Nazarbaev’s daughter.
While the region’s last Soviet-era leader may no longer be president, analysts speculate that his presence will still be felt.
The long-serving leader blamed officials for not living up to promises to boost the economy and raise living standards.
The mass starvation of the Stalinist 1930s doesn’t figure largely in official histories of the period.
Beijing’s agreement to release ethnic Kazakhs is its only concession so far to mounting outrage over the camp system.
Three suspects held in savage attack on two rangers investigating poaching of saiga antelopes.
Long after the fall of both the Nazi and communist regimes, today's new authoritarians have come up with creative ways to wash away inconvenient knowledge.