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The verdict will be announced next week in a trial that has rattled the upper echelons of the Turkish political elite, but it was a brave woman’s tweets that broke the media’s silence over the case.by Can Semercioglu 8 May 2018
As our regular readers know, TOL normally does not cover Turkey, unless an issue concerns one of the countries we do cover in post-communist Central and Eastern Europe and Eurasia. However, through the fall and perhaps beyond, we are making an exception because of the dire situation faced by many journalists in Turkey since the attempted coup in 2016. After that dramatic event, almost 200 media outlets were closed down and scores of critically minded journalists lost their jobs and now struggle to eke out an existence. We are proud to provide some international exposure to many of these Turkish reporters and expand, at least for now, our mission of supporting independent journalism and the freedom of the media to this fascinating and important part of the world.
Bored one night in a hotel room in a regional Turkish city, freelance interpreter Sebla Kucuk began translating a series of live tweets from American reporters covering a November 2017 legal hearing in New York.
The case seemed curious to her, involving a Turkish-Iranian gold trader accused of evading U.S. sanctions against Iran. She never imagined it would turn her into an instant internet sensation.
Almost overnight, the 34-year-old’s Twitter followers jumped from 50 to 15,000 and in just one month, her tweets were viewed 80 million times.
This massive public interest in a trial deemed a matter of national security by the government has served to highlight the shrinking space for press freedom in Turkey.
As a sign of growing self-censorship in an increasingly oppressive atmosphere, the trial – which implicated high-level Turkish officials in a multi-billion-dollar money laundering scheme – received very little attention from the mainstream media in that country.
Turkish-Iranian gold trader Reza Zarrab was arrested in Miami in 2016. He faced 95 years in prison before he pleaded guilty last November and became the main prosecution witness against Turkish banker Mehmet Hakan Atilla.
Atilla, who was arrested by the U.S. authorities during a business trip to New York in March 2017, was the assistant general manager of Halkbank, one of the biggest state-owned banks in Turkey. U.S. prosecutors accused him of conspiring with Zarrab and others – and with the approval of the Turkish government – to help Iran avoid U.S. sanctions between 2010 and 2015. Turkish officials dismissed these claims and called the whole Zarrab-Atilla case a plot against their country.
The verdict in Atilla’s case will be announced next week. If found guilty, the 47-year old faces 30 years in prison.
Zarrab’s testimony included allegations that he bribed the former Turkish economy minister, Zafer Caglayan, with sums exceeding 50 million euros ($60 million), and that President Reccip Tayab Erdogan himself –Turkey’s prime minister at the time relevant to the charges – personally approved the secret trade deal with Iran.
According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, Turkey is the world’s worst jailer of journalists, with at least 73 detained in 2017. Reporters Without Borders have warned that arrests and prosecutions are on the rise as the authorities become increasingly intolerant of all forms of criticism.
In this context, it was unsurprising that the Turkish media proved to be extremely cautious over reporting events that could be seen by their government as controversial or damaging.
Mostly Applause for Her Efforts
Kucuk did not consider these risks too closely on 29 November 2017, when – on a work trip in the north-western city of Kocaeli – she began translating live tweets from Zarrab’s hearing as it began in New York.
“I was in a small hotel room, with nothing to do, so I logged on to Twitter,” Kucuk said. “I did not expect so much interest. I was surprised to see how many people followed me on Twitter,” she said.
During Atilla’s trial, which ended in January this year, Kucuk dedicated eight hours a day to translating and posting the tweets on the case.
Her output was among the very few sources of information on Atilla’s trial available to Turkish citizens. Independent news outlets and left-wing newspapers published compilations of her translated tweets, while some of her posts also appeared in pro-government newspapers and online news portals, without her name being revealed.
“Even some of my Twitter followers who support the ruling AK party said my effort [to cover this case] was respectable,” she said.
Zarrab: Sayın Başbakan bu ticaretin başlatılması için onay ve talimat verdi. https://t.co/9Cqn3zeL7A— seblâ (@sebla_kucuk) 30 November 2017
Kucuk, who said that in the past she had considered a media career herself, downplayed her citizen-journalist role.
However, she acknowledged that she was afraid police would eventually raid her apartment as the subjects of the tweets became more sensitive.
“I was wondering whether I should translate or not the tweets implicating Erdogan, his son, and the minister [of energy, Berat] Albayrak. But I did, and these tweets spread very fast,” she said. “My followers told me to stop, but I was just sharing information. These days, anyone in Turkey feels uncomfortable when doing such things.”
Tanık, soruşturmada "1 Numara" dedikleri kişinin Recep Tayyip Erdoğan olduğunu söylüyor. https://t.co/nfuJKTnBfP— seblâ (@sebla_kucuk) 11 December 2017
Nonetheless, the majority of the feedback has been positive, including offers of money and practical help – from fixing her internet connection to making her hot drinks or bringing her food. To Kucuk’s amusement, some followers even offered to marry her.
“I received some threats and insults, but nothing really worth mentioning,” she said.
"People who identified themselves as Atilla’s relatives also communicated with me and thanked me.”
Kucuk received job offers as well, but never seriously considered taking any money for her work. She admits there were times that her whole life seemed to revolve around translating and posting tweets from the trial, but she persisted until its end.
Now, Kucuk says that she has no regrets. “I did my job and I feel good. I would do it all over again, even if the subject were riskier.”
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